The Polish defence ministry is launching free nationwide classes for women to learn unarmed combat, BBC said on Thursday.
The classes will start at 30 military facilities, running from 19 November until 3 June.
Polish army instructors will train women with techniques that include defensive postures, how to break holds, and guards against kicks, strangulation and assaults with a weapon.
Some Poles see the initiative more as a way for the army to promote its image.
The ministry says it is the first time the military has offered such a nationwide programme. It is open to all Polish women aged 18 or above who are in good health.
There already is some critic, concerning the initiative. Krakow journalist Marcin Ogdowski said the lessons "have a propaganda dimension".
He said women's self-defence classes should be run by the police, rather than the military.
Launching the programme, Defence Minister Antoni Macierewicz said the aim was to teach women "basic fighting techniques and, above all, improve overall physical fitness". "We invite the ladies, there are still places - there are no age limits,"
Participants must have their own medical insurance and a letter freeing the defence ministry from any injury claims.