Talk about the fact that digital technology makes us more stupid, they began with their wide distribution. This is not new: in the early XX century, the world experienced a panic over the "stupefying" humanity because of the technological progress. Scientists analyze whether the dominance of the Internet and do other science contributes to the degradation of the brain.
However, you must first answer two other questions - and how, in fact, to measure the "poglupenie" humanity and what, in fact, based on concerns about the general decline of intelligence?
The development of digital technology leads to the fact that our brain is working less, weakening connections between neurons, which, according to Professor Manfred Spitzer, director of the Psychiatric University Hospital in Ulm, Germany, leading to Alzheimer's disease, dementia and other degenerative diseases.
That is confirmed by scientists from China, Taiwan and Singapore, where the computer dependence considered a serious threat to the nation's health. Chinese scientists have found negative changes in the gray matter, namely a reduction of 10-20% of the area responsible for speech, memory and motor skills, and these changes were directly proportional to the time that people spend on the computer. The Cleveland Case Western Reserve University documented a direct correlation between sending multiple SMS messages, visiting social networking sites and stress, depression, and suicidal. In Israel a few years ago, research confirmed the first cases of psychosis caused by the Internet.
What conclusions are based on the fact that humanity is becoming more stupid because of addiction to the seat on the Internet, prolonged TV viewing and correspondence SMS? Mainly on the findings of the older generation of children and grandchildren, on the testimony of school teachers and university professors. They unanimously repeat that children become less assiduous worse assimilate large amounts of information, and in general were "completely different." The last phrase - the key to understanding the situation.
There are many signs that the digital revolution is developing in the same model as the industry.
Today we can observe visualization rise stupefying society, according to Svenska Dagbladet
journalist Margit Richert. Of course, she's right. Despite the fact that many new digital entertainment applications made easier walking on appointments and creation of Self, the current development of technology does not help to modernize production or disseminate new knowledge.
The same conclusion can be drawn from the figures. In the US, labor productivity is now growing at 0.9% per year, despite the fact that in the previous decade average increase was 2.7%.
Stagnation time productivity coincides with the digital revolution, and this is no accident. Many suggest that it becomes difficult to focus on the background of a continuously updated stream of information in social networks. There are difficulties with the proper use of new equipment.
The fact that we are not able to properly handle the latest technology is a concern, but it is not new. In the first decades of industrialization was not observed any significant improvement in the living conditions or increase the efficiency of labor, despite the introduction of innovative technologies. In fact, the increase in productivity as a result of innovations took several decades. But today there is no doubt that the industrial revolution to thank for our current prosperity.
There are many signs that the digital revolution will develop in the same model. As a result of the emergence of a new cluster of technologies is expected marked increase in efficiency, but this process can take considerable time. However, the first signs are already evident.
The digitization of information has given access to education for many more people than before. An opportunity to listen to lectures of the best universities in the world, all you need, Thanks to online courses - this desire and wi-fi.
The digital age makes it easy to work in the field of medicine and care. Imagine how much time is saved thanks to diagnostic devices, while physicians decide more specialized tasks. Think how can simplify the work of medical staff, if all of the information from the fitness apps many people will be available to doctors.
Recently published a book in Germany, which led the bestseller lists - "Digital Dementia As we deprive the mind themselves and their children." Scaring the world global tiredness, the author of the hit Professor Manfred Spitzer
is based on data on changes in people's thinking. He gives a fair example: before the London taxi drivers have to memorize the name of 25 thousand streets and squares. During training, they have been increasing the areas of the brain that are responsible for orienteering. But with the advent of digital navigation, this necessity has disappeared, and now even those who are professionally engaged in driving a car, more and more difficult to find a way to understand the map or on their own.
The data that the Internet "is robbing our memory", appeared long ago. However, in fairness, scientists note: a person does not learn information, but remembers the name of the website or blog where he saw her - not worse than before could remember facts. That is, memory is getting worse, and "reoriented", making the Internet a kind of "external disk" for the brain. Good or bad - it is another question. But it is obvious that such a process can not be called unique "poglupeniem" - it's not reducing the quality, but rather a change in the type of thinking. But the older generation - parents and teachers - complaining the ubiquitous stupidity escalating youth interprets these changes as negative.
But actually it's not so simple. On the one hand, such a way of remembering makes us increasingly dependent on advanced technology. Had we in a situation where nearby there is WiFi and a computer, our capabilities and knowledge sharply narrowed. On the other hand, the modern citizen (and the urbanization process, as is known, increases) more difficult to get into this situation in principle. Even in the campaigns and expeditions, people use the mobile Internet, navigation systems and other digital progress.
Spitzer, author of "Digital Dementia", leads and more weighty arguments. With the help of the Internet is activated only one or two channels of perception: visual and auditory. Children using the tutorials do not involve the senses of taste, smell and touch, and stimulation of these centers is an important condition for the full development of the brain at an early age. So the professor rightly recommends "remove" children up to three years from any screen, whether it's television or computer monitor. No training program before the age of three are not effective, on the other hand, will bring more harm, he says.
In itself, the assertion that social networks and applications stultifying, not so silly. It is very likely that it is. But we can hope that stupefying not become chronic. As we once learned to use the inventions of the Industrial Revolution, to achieve higher performance in the production of goods, so we will probably be able to use the options of applications and social networks to make the most of the service sector to work more efficiently. But it will take time.