"The leader without a people is not the governor, and people without a leader are like arable land without rain"
(The saying, supposedly invented by Soviet people during Stalin's era)
Modern Russia is perhaps the only country in the world, where they continue with enthusiasm to erect monuments and memorial plaques to Joseph Stalin. The shelves of bookstores and libraries are full of numerous publications in a good cover telling about the "Father of nations". It seems that none of the numerous feature films and television series about World War II no longer has a chance to enter the Russian screens without the presence of the image of "wise Generalissimo", thoughtfully bent over the map and blowing smoke from his famous pipe.
Naturally, among those who are actively trying to rehabilitate Stalin, are Communist Zyuganov, the party which positions itself as the successor of the CPSU. At the same time Russian Communist leaders do not tend to remember the documents of the same Party, denouncing Stalin's role in the organization of mass political repressions in the USSR. It is, above all, the report of Nikita Khrushchev at the XX Congress of the CPSU "On the Personality Cult and its Consequences" and the Decree of the Politburo on July 11, 1989 "On additional measures for the completion of work related to the rehabilitation of repressed unreasonably 30-40-ies and early 50-ies" signed by Mikhail Gorbachev.
The modern followers of Stalin, trying to keep up with the times, to diversify the forms and methods of propaganda work, involving social scientists in their activities to exalt the image of the "Great Leader". Thus, at the initiative of the local Communist Party Regional Committee March 5, 2016 (the day of Stalin's death), they held in Penza "scientific and historical conference" under the pretentious name "Stalin's first readings."
In his keynote address, "The Stalinist alternative to the liberal-capitalist path of Russia’s development," the first secretary of the Penza regional committee of the Communist Party, deputy of the regional Legislative Assembly Georgiy Kamenev couldn’t resist the temptation to express his attitude to the "Ukrainian question." Surveying the world from the hills of the Volga uplands, the rapporteur pierced the space and the time with his sharpness of mind and breadth of his intellect, penetrating to the heart of the problems of our country and finally stated that: "The example of the tragic events in Ukraine shows how destructive can be the potential of radical nationalism. In the past German Nazis, planning to conquer the Soviet Union, paid special attention to the promotion of nationalism and national enmity among the peoples of the USSR. Abwehr created nationalist underground on the territory of Ukraine, in the Caucasus, among the Tatars.
Not far from the borders of the USSR, in Harbin, there was the headquarters of the Russian Fascist Party. After the defeat of the Nazis, American imperialism adopted this strategy in the struggle against the Soviet Union. A special committee was created in the United States uniting the "nations oppressed by communism", and including different nations’ nationalists.
The source of the whole obscurantist nonsense, which penetrated into the head of the youngest in the Russia secretary of the regional committee of the Communist Party - born in 1983 (!!!) - could be easily traced back to the beginning of his political career. Georgiy Kamenev started as the assistant of the odious State Duma deputy Viktor Ilyukhin. The people from the older generation in Ukraine remember him in connection with the criminal case against Mikhail Gorbachev opened on the 4th of November, 1991.
At that time, Viktor Ilyukhin, working in the Prosecutor General of the USSR, accused the then-President of the USSR - neither more nor less - under the Article 64 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federative Republic (high treason) in connection with the signing of the Decree of the State Council of the USSR on the recognition of the independence of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
But the topic of Ukraine has not been exhausted at this point. Invited to the conference, the Secretary of the Republican Committee of the Communist Party of Crimea, the teacher of the Tauride University, the candidate of philological sciences Valery Lavrov called on his supporters to learn from Stalin's methods of solving the national question on the example of his article "Ukrainian knot," published in the newspaper "Izvestia" on the 14th of March, 1918!
One may lull yourself and the others into a cozy dream, that Penza gathering didn't see so many followers of Stalin's ideas. And we, in Ukraine, will certainly do without their prescription, developed along the Stalinist techniques one hundred years ago. If it were not for three important points…First.
The campaign on Stalin’s political rehabilitation in Russia is taking place with the connivance and sometimes even with the active support of the Kremlin. The eloquent testimony to this fact is that on the 5th of March 5, 2016, an independent State Duma deputy Dmitry Gudkov RF filed for the lower house of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation the law "On Counteraction to the rehabilitation of Stalin's totalitarian regime (Stalinism)." The measures proposed by Gudkov, are so politically weak, that they do not go in comparison with those already adopted under Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin decisions about de-Stalinization.
However, the bill frightened the authorities to such an extent, that the government - despite the celebration of International Women's Day and the ensuing vacation days - considered it extremely quickly, with the verdict announced on the 23th of March 2016: "The bill presented in this edition is not supported."
The answer to the question of why Stalinism becomes an integral part of Russia's policy, seems to me obvious. For the Kremlin, and the reigning Russian state-oligarchic regime, now it is extremely important to maintain social mobilization effect, switching the attention of the Russian commoners to imaginary external threats to the state from the US, NATO, the "Islamic State", "color revolutions" in the CIS countries, thus diverting them from solving urgent social and economic problems.
To this end, the Kremlin spin doctors are increasingly resorting to the tried and tested - in Stalin's time - methods. And then we knew exactly that the easiest way to fuel the compatriots to sacrifice, to foster their capacity for the first call of the "leader" to fight against the "external enemy aggression against Russia," is following the historical examples.
Suffice it to recall how on the eve - and during World War II - the authority of Joseph Stalin was cultivated by Soviet cinema on the images of the "People's Prince Liberator Alexander Nevsky", "fair king-reformer Peter the Great" and "visionary and wise Ivan the Terrible", who was forced to resort to mass executions of his political opponents.
Now, to enhance the already transcendental Putin's rating they play on the popularization of “strong dictator” Stalin, who for decades had been resisting the US and Western Europe.Second.
The Russian government no longer hears the voice of the International Historical Educational Charitable Society "Memorial" and other human rights organizations, investigating various problems of mass political repressions in the USSR.
So, in May 2015, the Kremlin ignored the call of the "Memorial" to ban on the legislative level the glorification of Stalin and do not use his image during the public celebrations aimed to mark the 70th anniversary of the Great Victory.
Thus, the rights of millions of relatives of victims of Stalinist repression were infringed. And this is not the only example.Third.
Kremlin's efforts have begun to bear their fruit. The results of the sociological studies, conducted in March 2016 by Analytical Center, "Levada-Center", witnessed a steadily growing trend towards a change in public opinion of Russian citizens in favor of Stalin, whose name previously was associated uniquely with unprecedented political repression on the big scale.
Now, 54% of Russians believe that Stalin played a positive role in the country's history. Almost half of the population regard him as a wise leader, who led the Soviet Union to greatness and prosperity.
The number of Russians who do not want to live under such a head of state, is steadily decreasing: they were 74% in 2008, in March 2016 the number is already only 60%. Almost one third of Russians - 23% - does not considered the "leader of the peoples" to be a tyrant, guilty of the deaths of millions of people and denies the criminal nature of Stalin's repressions.
German anti-fascist, playwright, poet, prose writer, theatrical figure Bertolt Brecht in 1943 composed his famous "march of Sheep", which at one time was so earnestly performed by Vladimir Vysotsky in the play "The Good Person from Szechwan". There are the lines conveying the horror and hopelessness of a herded passive society.
It seems that they can characterize at best the current situation in Putin's Russia:
"The sheep are walking in a row,
They are beating the drums -
The skin for the drums
Has been given
by the sheep themselves. "
Boris Dnieprov, "Vector News"